Why Do My Gums Hurt? Reasons and Treatment

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There are many reasons why your gums will hurt. The most common causes of pain in the gums include:

  1. Tooth decay (cavities)
  2. Periodontal disease (gum disease)
  3. Receding gums (this happens when the gums pull away from the tooth, which can lead to increased sensitivity and pain)
  4. Tooth fracture or a broken tooth
  5. Reaction to dental materials such as crowns, fillings, and braces
  6. Toothbrush abrasion (abrasive toothpaste or too much brushing)
  7. Abnormal bite, which can put pressure on the gums
  8. A growth in the gum tissue
  9. Retained restorations (objects stuck to your teeth)
  10. Foreign objects in your mouth

Causes of gum disease/periodontal disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Everyone gets a little plaque on their teeth when bacteria attach to the enamel and cause acids that start destroying the teeth. However, if you have gum disease, plaque builds up in pockets in your gums, and you can't remove it as easily, making the decay progress more quickly. Your immune system fights bacteria in your mouth every day. When gum disease is present, it becomes harder for your body to fight those bacteria because they are below the gum line and out of reach of brushing and flossing.

Treatment options

1) Gum disease starts as swollen, red gums that bleed easily. As the disease progresses, the gums will recede from the teeth and form spaces called pockets where germs can grow. If left untreated, this can lead to tooth loss. If you suffer from this condition, your dentist may recommend a thorough cleaning and prescribe antibiotics or antimicrobials to fight the infection.

2) You can help prevent gum disease by practicing good oral hygiene: Brush twice daily for at least two minutes and floss daily. You should also limit sugary foods and beverages.

4) Living with gum disease may lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Gum disease is typically treated by a dentist or periodontist, who will prescribe antibiotics or antimicrobials to fight the infection. Your dentist may also recommend a thorough cleaning to remove plaque and tartar that contribute to the problem.

5) Bleeding gums is a common symptom of gum disease. If you have bleeding gums, schedule dental exams twice a year to make your dentist aware of your condition. It would help if you also brushed with a soft toothbrush and floss daily, in addition to practicing good oral hygiene at home.

6) Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that does not lead to tooth loss. If you have gingivitis, the dentist may recommend a thorough cleaning and a regimen of brushing and flossing twice daily, along with regular dental exams.

7) You can prevent the onset of periodontal disease by brushing your teeth at least two times per day and flossing daily. You should also limit sugary foods and beverages, quit smoking if you are a smoker, schedule regular dental exams, brush your tongue twice weekly with a soft toothbrush or scraper to remove bacteria, and see the dentist if you want to have any areas of redness or bleeding.

Conclusion

Please visit your dentist as needed and as early as possible for any signs that there may be something wrong with you. Your dentist will then be able to work with you in case of gum disease or other problems, eventually leading to better oral hygiene and well-being.

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